All about the kidney: all you need to know about your kidney and its
functions; how the kidneys work and an insight into kidney
conditions, treatments and tests.
Kidneys are a vital pair of human body organs located at the back
side of the abdominal area. The size of each kidney is approximately
4 or 5 inches which is around the size of your fist. This article
will teach you about the kidneys and its various functions as well
as the conditions that may arise due to improper kidney functioning
and the treatments available to cure them.
The main function of the kidneys is filtering of the blood. This
article makes you aware all about the kidneys and its functions. The
whole blood in the human body has to pass through kidneys many times
in a day. The kidneys help in controlling the fluid balance of the
body, remove wastes as well as aid in regulating the electrolytes
balance in the body. While performing the process of filtering
blood, the kidneys create urine, which is collected in the pelvis.
Pelvis is a funnel shaped structure that consists of drain down
tubes known as ureters towards the urinary bladder. Other important
functions and all about the kidneys will be dealt later in the
Each kidney is comprised of around a million cells or units called
nephrons which are considered as microscopic blood filters. It is
even possible that you lose around 90% functioning of your kidneys
without experiencing any kind of problems or symptoms. Read below to
know all about the kidneys and how it works!
Functions of the kidneys
This section will make you aware all about the kidneys and its
various critical functions. Kidneys are an important organ in the
homeostasis of the entire body. It is responsible for the regulation
of base acid balances, concentration of the electrolytic substances,
extracellular volume of the fluids in the body, as well as blood
pressure regulation. Secretion, reabsorption and filtration are the
main tasks performed by the kidneys that take place in the nephrons.
Accomplishment of these functions is performed by the kidneys both
independently as well as in cooperation with the other organs. The
rest of the functions and all about the kidneys are explained below:
Excreting wastes- many waste products from the metabolism
process are excreted by the kidneys. These consist of the
nitrogenous waste called "urea", from catabolism of proteins,
along with uric acid, from metabolism of nucleic acid. Urine
Formationis also an important function of the kidneys.
Homeostasis of acid base- Two main organ systems of the human
body namely the lungsand kidneys, are responsible for
maintaining acid-base homeostasis, which is described as the
regulation of pH and stabilizing itto relatively stable values.
The contribution of lungs to acid-base homeostasis is the
regulation of carbonic gas (CO2) concentration. However, the
role of the kidneys in the maintenance of the acid-base
homeostatic balance is thereabsorption of bicarbonate from the
urine, and the excretion ofhydrogen ions into the urine.
Regulation of blood pressure- all about the kidney and how it
regulates blood pressure in humans is discussed here. Although
the kidneys are not able to directly sense blood, regulation of
blood pressure depends on them. This primarily happens through
maintenance of the compartment of extracellular fluids, whose
size depends on the sodium plasma concentration.
Secretions of hormones- know all about the kidney and how the
organ is responsible for hormone secretion! A variety of
hormones are secreted by the kidney which include a hormone
called erythropoietin as well as an enzyme called renin.
Erythropoietin is secreted in response to hypoxia, which occurs
when there is a low oxygen level in tissues for renal
Conditions arising in the kidneys and their treatments
Know all about the kidney and the various conditions that affect the
Kidney stones- the minerals found in urine
sometimes form stones or crystals which might block the flow of
urine after growing large. A very painful condition and need
Kidney failure- worsening of kidney functions like dehydration
or blockage in the urinary tract can cause the severe condition
of kidney failure which is irreversible.
Infection in pelvis of the kidneys- sometimes kidneys might be
infected by bacteria causing pain in back and even fever.
Kidney cancer- Renal cell cancer is the most occurring cancer of
the kidneys. Smoking is considered as a leading cause for kidney
Renal cyst- a benign and hallowed space in the
kidney is created. However, this condition does not affect any
functions of the kidney.
The tests and diagnosis all about the kidney and how
the conditions are treated are explained in the points below.
Urinalysis, kidney ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scans, Kidney biopsy are
some of the diagnosis methods.
Intake of antibiotics will help in infections of the kidneys.
Catheterization can be adopted in case you are not able to
Lithotripsy is a method which shatters the kidney stones which can
then be excreted with the urine.
Kidney transplant is a process in which a healthy kidney from
another person can be transplanted to your system to restore the
lost kidney functions.
Apart from the above listed treatments all about the kidneys, it is
best to prevent reaching those conditions by following a healthy
regimen and consuming nutritious diet. Involve herbs like chanca
piedra in your daily diet in Glytamins and you will be a healthier